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The Hops

Descriptions courtesy of Beer Advocate and Beer Legends

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Brewer’s Gold
Brewer's Gold is commonly used in lighter style ales, although it works well in lager beers as well. It has a moderate alpha acid rating at 5.5% - 7.8%. Brewer's Gold also carries a relatively high overall oil make up including high levels of Myrcene (37% - 40%), Humulene (29% - 31%), and Caryophyllene (37% - 40%) oils.

Cascade X Wild Cross
Cascade is an aroma-type cultivar which originated as the first commercial hop from the USDA-ARS breeding program. It was bred in 1956 but not released for cultivation until 1972. It reached its peak in 1975 when it produced 13.3% of the total American crop. It was obtained by crossing an English Fuggle with a male plant, which originated from the Russian variety Serebrianka with a Fuggle male plant.

A very popular U.S. variety, with a moderate bitterness level and fragrant, flowery aroma. Cascade is often used in highly hopped West Coast ales that have a citrus-floral hop character. (alpha acid: 4.5-6.0% / beta acid: 5.0-7.0% )

Centennial
Centennial is an aroma-type cultivar, bred in 1974 and released in 1990. The genetic composition is 3/4 Brewers Gold, 3/32 Fuggle, 1/16 East Kent Golding, 1/32 Bavarian and 1/16 unknown.

A relatively new hop on the market, this hop used to be called CFJ90. Described by some as a "Super Cascade" and we tend to agree, but it's not nearly as "citrusy". Some even use it for aroma as well as bittering. Bitterness is quite clean and can have floral notes depending on the boil time. (alpha acid: 9.5-11.5% / beta acid: 4.0-5.0%)

Challenger
Challenger Hops has popularity in England, and was bred at Wye College using Northern Brewer and a German variety in 1961. It is a dual use hops with a moderate alpha acid rating of 6.5%-8.5%. Challenger was released in 1968 was intended to provide high alpha acids, good aroma as well as disease resistance.

Crystal
Crystal is a triploid aroma-type cultivar, released for commercial production in 1993. It originates from a seedling selection (No. 8309-37) made at Corvallis in 1983 between the colchicine - induced tetraploid 'Hallertau mf' (USDA 21397) and the diploid male downy mildew resistant aroma hop, USDA 21381M. Crystal is a half-sister of Mt. Hood and Liberty. (alpha acid: 4.0-6.0% / beta acid: 5.0-6.7%)

Fuggle
Fuggle Hops was a cornerstone for English brewing during the late 1800's and early 1900's. In the Kent region in 1861, Richard Fuggle selected this variety as a seedling or seed and later introduced it into commerce in 1875 under his own name. This variety is also grown in other parts of Europe as well as the U.S. Fuggle Hops is an aroma hops with a 3.5%-5.5% alpha acid rating.

During its peak times over 100 years ago it was used both for bittering as well as aroma. It became less economical as higher alpha varieties came along to use Fuggle for bittering. It carries a high carryophyllene oil as well as farnesene oil content. This combination brings a herbal and woody type of aroma.

Golding
Golding is an aroma-type cultivar selected in England as a chance seedling in 1861. It reached its peak in the U.K. in 1949 when 78% of the English crops were grown as Fuggle. It is also marketed as Styrian (Savinja) Golding in the Slovenian Republic. In the USA it is grown in Oregon and Washington State.

Superb in English-style ales, and lends a unique character not imparted by the more subtle American-grown Fuggles. (alpha acid: 3.8-5.5% / beta acid: 1.5-2.0%)

Multi Head
Multihead is a neomexicana strain with highly floral accents and double flowers.

Neo 1
A neomexicana hop strain from New Mexico with citrus overtones.

Northern Brewer
Northern Brewer is a bittering-type cultivar, bred in 1934 in England from a Canterbury Golding female plant and the male plant OB21. Northern Brewer has been used in the breeding process of many newer varieties. This cultivar is grown in England, Belgium, Germany and the USA.

A strong fragrant hop with a rich rough-hewn flavor and aroma, ideal for steam-style beers and ales. Northern Brewer has a unique mint-like evergreen flavor. (alpha acid: 8.0-10.0%/ beta acid: 3.0-5.0%)

Nugget
Nugget is a bittering-type cultivar, bred in 1970 from the USDA 65009 female plant and USDA 63015M. The lineage of Nugget is 5/8 Brewers Gold, 1/8 Early Green, 1/16 Canterbury Golding, 1/32 Bavarian and 5/32 unknown.

Nugget is a great bittering hop with a heavy herbal aroma. (alpha acid: 12.5-14.5% / beta acid: 4.0-6.0%)

Perle
Perle is an aroma-type cultivar, bred in 1978 in Germany from Northern Brewer. It is grown in Germany, Belgium and the U. S. A.

Perle is a newer variety, originally from Germany but now grown quite successfully in the US. Perle is a medium alpha hop with a very clean, almost minty bitterness and pleasant aroma. (alpha acid: 7.0-9.5% / beta acid: 4.0-5.0%)

Pride of Ringwood
This is our latest addition to the yard! We're just planting a few for now since, word on the street says this variety needs a longer growing season than we have in NE MN. It is the original Aussie hop that the amazingly fruity new Australian and New Zealand varieties are bred from. back in the day, this was the highest alpha hop around (9-11%AA) and was used in Foster's Lager. I 'm hopeful to see that they can flower up here. If not, I'll keep them for rhizome sales to places south of us- this one is very hard to come by!

From Brewlegends.com. "The aroma of Pride of Ringwood Hops can be described as having a spicy kick with essence of citrus and fruit-like tones. The aroma is strong yet delectable, and will be very noticeable in late additions in the wort."

Saaz
Saaz is the traditional noble hop for true pilsner beer. Saaz is famous for its spicy, clean bitterness. (average alpha acid: 3.0%)

Santiam
Santiam Hops was released in 1997 by the USDA and is a cross between 1/3 German Tettnanger, 1/3 Hallertauer Mittelfrüh, and 1/3 tetrapoild USDA Male. Both of the German parent varieties are dominant aroma varieties for the region to produce German-style Lagers and Pilsners. Santiam Hops is very much an aroma variety with alpha acid content ranging from 4.8%- 8.4%.

Spalt Select
Spalt Select is an aroma-type cultivar, bred in Germany and released for cultivation in the late 1980's. It is grown in Germany in the Hallertau and Spalt areas and in the U.S.A. in Washington State. (alpha acid: 3.5-5.5% / beta acid: 3.0-4.5%)

Tettnang
Tettnang is an aroma-type cultivar which originated in the Tettnang hop growing area of Germany as a land-race hop. It is grown in the U.S.A. in Oregon and Washington State.

The original noble hop from the Tettnang region of Germany, ideal for your finest lagers and wheat beers. This limited availability hop has a fine, pure aroma, that is not present in United States grown Tettnanger. (alpha acid: 4.0-5.0% / beta acid: 3.5-4.5%)

Viking
A British Hybrid between Svaloef (old world Swedish hop) and an English male From Wye College hop breeding program. 7-10% aa with a unique aroma. Poor yield.